Tuesday, November 22, 2011

LOVE FOR THE PROPHET


Love for the Prophet
(Ashiq-e Rasul)

Relationship with the Prophet

The beloved Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) was
the central point and apex of religious and spiritual authority for
Imam Ahmad Raza (may Allah be pleased with him), the goal to which
devotion to Pir lead, and all such forms of devotion are undertaken
ultimately to reach Almighty Allah. Imam Ahmad Raza said on one
occasion, "Whoever seeks the help of the saints and prophets, and of
the Chief of the prophets [Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him
peace)]…. is in reality seeking Almighty Allah."

His writings on the beloved Prophet Muhammad are extensive: numerous
fatawa deal with the Prophet’s (Allah bless him and give him peace)
attributes, as do his diwan (collection of poems) of na’at [poetry in
praise of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)] poetry and
his Malfuzat.

Veneration (adoration, respect) of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Allah
bless him and give him peace) has a long history in Sufi and popular
devotionalism and goes back to figures like Hazrat Shaikh Ibn al-Arabi
(may Allah be pleased with him), Hazrat Maulana Rumi (may Allah be
pleased with him), etc and Imam Ahmad’s Malfuzat indicate his
familiarity with the lives and writings of Sufis like Hazrat Junaid
Baghdadi (may Allah be pleased with him), the Egyptian poet Hazrat
al-Busiri (d.1298) who wrote the Burda in praise of the beloved Prophet
(Allah bless him and give him peace), etc. Given his sophistication,
learning and scholarship, it is likely that his vision of the beloved
Prophet and of the Prophet’s place in the life of the believer was
shaped by this Sufi tradition. Annemarie Schimmel [Mystical Dimensions]
points as well to the popularity of naat poetry in the subcontinent
since the Mughal period, written first in Persian and later Urdu and
its regional languages such as Sindhi.

The resemblance in the themes of devotional poetry of the Muslim world
generally, and those of Imam Ahmad Raza’s writings indicate that he
was, indeed, writing within the context of this larger Sufi tradition.
Annemarie Schimmel describer’s the poets concerns as follows:

From earliest times, the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him
peace), the beloved Messenger of God, had been the ideal for the
faithful Muslim. His behavior, his acts, and his words served as models
for the pious, who tried to imitate him as closely as possible even in
the smallest details of outward life…. All the noble qualities of his
body and his blessed soul were described in terms of marked admiration
and respect.

With the concept and formulation of ‘Nur-e Muhammadi’ concept that the
beloved Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) was
created from Almighty Allah’s light and preceded the creation of the
world and of Adam (AS). Prof of this belief was cited from the hadis,
"If thou hadst not been I would not have created the heavens". In
subsequent centuries the concept of ‘Nur-e Muhammadi’ [light of
Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace)] was further developed
until the theory of fana fi-‘l-rasul ‘annihilation in the Prophet’s
(Allah bless him and give him peace)’ emerged in later Sufism and the
beloved Prophet had now definitely become an intermediary between man
and Allah.

Imam Ahmad Raza (Radhiya Allah ta'ala anhu) as a mufti writing fatawa,
as a Sufi Pir giving guidance to his followers in his Malfuzat, and as
a poet expressing his personal longings and passions, held much the
same views. One of the major areas of difference between Ahmad Raza and
his followers and the Deobandis was this subject. In his Malfuzat, he
says:

Only the Prophet can reach God without intermediaries. This is why, on
the Day of Resurrection, all the prophets, walis, and ‘ulema’ will
gather in the Prophet’s presence and beg him to intercede for them with
God…The Prophet cannot have an intermediary because he is perfect
[kamil]. Perfection is connected on [mutafara] existence [wujud]; and
the existence of the world is dependant upon the existence of the
Prophet [which in turn is dependant on the existence of God]. In short,
faith in the pre-eminence of the Prophet leads one to believe that only
Allah has existence, everything else is His shadow.

The hierarchy is extremely clear: Almighty Allah, the beloved Prophet
(Allah bless him and give him peace), the other prophets, the saints,
and so on. Within this framework of the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless
him and give him peace) essentially dependent relationship to Almighty
Allah, however there are absolutely no limits to the qualities that may
be ascribed to the Prophet . Imam Ahmad Raza (Radhiya Allah ta'ala
anhu) quotes Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Haqq Muhaddis Dehlawi (Radhiya Allah
ta'ala anhu), and the Egyptian poet al-Busiri (may Allah be pleased
with him), in support of his view that:

Setting aside the claim that Christians make [about Jesus (AS) being
divine], you can say whatever you wish in praise of the Prophet (Allah
bless him and give him peace) for there was no limit to the Prophet’s
qualities.

This belief in the practical limitless virtues and abilities of the
Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace), given him by
Allah of His own will, is the basis for Imam Ahmad Raza’s assertion
that the beloved Prophet has knowledge of the unseen (ilm-e ghaib), a
claim denied by the Deobandis. This knowledge was said by Ahmad Raza to
include (though by no means to be limited to) the five things said in
the Holy Quran to be known to Allah. In certain respects, however the
Allah-Prophet relationship is not clear as the above quotations would
suggest. In the following passage from the Malfuzat, Ahmad Raza made
the point that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is not
‘other than God’ (ghair-e khuda):

[The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) had to teach his
followers how to recite the Quran in the early days of Islam.] After
listening to the recitation of a sahabi, Abu Musa Ashari, at night
[from his own house], he praised his reading the next morning. The
sahabi said, O Prophet, had I known that your were listening, I would
have read with even greater fervor (aur zyada bana kar parhta)…. [Ahamd
Raza comments] The sahabi himself said he would have recited more
forcefully for the Prophet, and the Prophet did not object. This proves
that reading for the Prophet was not comparable to reading for one
other than God (ghair-e khuda.) The Prophet’s business (mu’amala) is
Allah’s business.

Imam Ahmad Raza (Radhiya Allah ta'ala anhu) also gave other examples of
the identification of the beloved Prophet and Almighty Allah, such as
Aisha’s statement that she was repenting to Allah and the Prophet. Once
Imam Ahmad Raza was asked if it was permissible to use lanterns and
carpets (and similar decorative items) at a milad-un-nabi function. He
responded that it was permissible so long as the purpose of the
decoration was to honor the Prophet, rather than some selfish or
worldly motive, and reported this story:

Imam Ghazali (Radhiya Allah ta'ala anhu) wrote in his Ihya’al Ulum, on
the basis of writing by Sayyid Abu Ali Rudhbari (Radhiya Allah ta'ala
anhu), that a believer had organized a zikr meeting [remembrance of the
Prophet’s name]. He had installed a thousand lights in the meeting
hall. A guest arrived, and seeing the lights, began to leave [in
disapproval of the host’s extravagance]. The organizer of the function
held him back, took him inside, and said, Any light that has been lit
for one other than God should be put out. The man tried to do so, but
none of the lights could be extinguished.

The apparent equation of the beloved Prophet (Allah bless him and give
him peace) with Almighty Allah is at first astonishing, and we know
from numerous clearly stated passages that Imam Ahmad Raza’s writings
that he did not equate the Prophet with Allah, but implied rather the
strong sense of Muhammad’s (Allah bless him and give him peace)
prophecy, and the uniquely close relationship with Allah. While all
believing Muslims see the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)
as unique among humans by virtue of his calling, Imam Ahmad Raza seems
to have had a heightened awareness of Prophet Muhammad’s (Allah bless
him and give him peace) ‘genuinely prophetic function’, causing him to
place the Prophet at the center of his own life as a believer and Pir.

As may be expected, these ideas are expressed particularly forcefully
in his poetry and in the following verses, the subject is Muhammad’s
(Allah bless him and give him peace) close relationship with Allah:

The two worlds seek to please God

God seeks to please Muhammad

(khuda ki riza chahte hain do alam

khuda chahta hai riza-e Muhammad)

Muhammad is the threshold to Allah

Allah is the threshold to Muhammad

(Muhammad bara-e janab-e ilahi

janab-e ilahi bara-e Muhammad)

A vow was made for all time

To unite Khuda’s happiness with Muhammad’s

(baham ahd bandhe hain wasl-e abad ka

riza-e khuda aur riza-e Muhammad)



In the following verse the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give
him peace) is seen as Almighty Allah’s beloved, completely united with
Him:



I will call you only ‘Lord’ you are the beloved of the Lord

There is no ‘yours’ and ‘mine’ between the beloved and the Lover

(main to malik hi kahunga kih ho malik ke habib

yani mahbub o muhibb men nahin mera tera)



On the Prophet Muhammad’s (Allah bless him and give him peace) night ascension (miraj), he became God’s bridegroom:



You went as a bridegroom of light

On your head a chaplet of light,

Wedding clothes of light on your body

(kya bana nam-e khuda asra dulha nur ka

sar pe sihra nur ka , bar men shahana nur ka)

Imam Ahmad Raza's relationship with the Prophet

As for his own relationship with the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Allah
bless him and give him peace), Imam Ahmad Raza made it a conscious
object of his life to immerse himself in serving the Master, the
Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in whatever capacity he
could. Small details about his say this most eloquently: he used to
sign himself as ‘Abd al-Mustafa [‘Servant of Mustafa’, this meaning
‘the Chosen’ or ‘the Elect’, being one of Muhammad’s (Allah bless him
and give him peace) names] on all correspondences, fatawa, and other
writings. When asked about this at one of his daily meetings, he
replied the name was the sign of good judgment (husn-e zann) in a
Muslim, and cited a hadis in which Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
was reported to have said that he considered himself a follower (banda)
and servant (khadim) of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him
and give him peace). On another occasion he told those gathered about
him that if his heart were to be broken into two pieces, it would b
found that one part was inscribed the first part of the kalima, "there
is no God but Allah", and on the other was written the second half,
"And Muhammad is His Prophet".

Just as Shaikh Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir Jilani (may Allah be pleased with
him) actively intervened on his behalf from time to time, so did Imam
Ahmad Riza experience the beloved Prophet’s presence in a very personal
way. When he was learning the art of divination (prediction) [ilm-e
jafr), the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) appeared to him
in a dream giving him permission (izn) to proceed with his study. On
his second hajj in 1905-6, he spent a month at Medina, the Prophet’s
birthplace, being present there during the Prophet’s birth anniversary
celebrations on 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal, and spent this entire period, he
said, at the Prophet’s tomb, taking time off only once to visit the
shrine of one Hazrat Maulana Daghastani (RA), and another time to go
(ziyarat) the tomb of Hazrat Hamza (may Allah be pleased with him), the
Prophet’s uncle. When he met the ‘ulema’ of Medina to engage in learned
discussions, it was in the precincts of the Prophet’s (Allah bless him
and give him peace) sacred tomb. This was for Imam Ahmad Raza the
holiest place on earth; he was willing to go so far, indeed, as to say
that Medina was better than Mecca, as in this verse:

O pilgrims! Come to the tomb of the kings of kings

You have seen the Kaaba, now see the Kaaba of the Kaaba

(hajiyo1 a’o shahenshah ka rauza dekho

ka’ba dekh chuke k’be ka ka’ba dekho

In Imam Ahmad Raza’s (may Allah be pleased with him) belief the Prophet
Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) is very much alive in his
tomb, leading ‘a life of sense and feeling’, as do the other prophets.
From his sacred grave the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and
give him peace) helps his ‘guests’, those who visit his tomb, in
whatever capacity he sees fit.

It was particularly in the hope of being honored with a vision of the
beloved Prophet at his tomb in Medina, Maulana Zafaruddin Bihari
writes, that Imam Ahmad Raza had undertaken this second Hajj. While
waiting for him to appear Ahmad Raza spent the first night composing a
ghazal; the next night he presented the ghazal to the beloved Prophet
(Allah bless him and give him peace), and it was after this that ‘his
qismat (fortune)’ awoke. His watchful vigilant eyes were blessed with
the presence of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace).
Unfortunately Imam Raza does not appear to have written about this
experience. [His lengthy ghazal is in the Hada’iq-e Bakshish, and Dr.
Usha Sanyal was unable to find any reference in it to his vision of the
Prophet, though this is not surprising given Zafaruddin Bihari’s
information that it was written before he had this experience.]

Imam Ahmad Raza’s personal devotion to the beloved Prophet Muhammad
(Allah bless him and give him peace) shines through in his poetry and
some poems have become popular nationwide in Pakistan (and other parts
of the world) and are recited particularly on the Prophet’s birth
anniversary [Eid Milad un Nabi]. The simplicity, humility in the
presence of the awesomeness of the beloved Prophet (Allah bless him and
give him peace), and grateful confidence in his forgiveness with which
Imam Ahmad Raza addresses the Prophet, are apparent over and over
again, as these verses from the extremely popular poem Karoron Durud:

I am tired you are my sanctuary

I am bound you are my refuge

My future is in your hands

Upon you be thousands of blessings

(khastah hum aur tum ma’az basta hun aur tum malaz

age jo shai ki riza, tum pe karoron durud)



My sins are limitless,

But you are forgiving and merciful

Forgive me my faults and offences

Upon you be thousands of blessings

(garche hain behad qasur, tum ho afu-e ghafur

bakhsh do jurm o khata tum karoron durud)

It was consistent with Imam Ahmad Raza’s (may Allah be pleased with
him) personal piety and devotion to the beloved Prophet (Allah bless
him and give him peace) that the Prophet’s birth anniversary on 12
Rabi-ul-Awwal, the Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi (or Maulud, both forms being
derivatives of the Arabic root, walada, to give birth), was celebrated
on a grand scale, as it was a time of rejoicing, eagerly anticipated by
Imam Ahamd Raza Khan Qadiri (may Allah be pleased with him) and his
followers









                                   SOURCEhttp://dreamzworld.justgoo.com/t3760-aashiq-e-rasool-saw

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