1. A lamp appeared from the Light of the Unseen. I t appeared and
returned, and it surpas sed the other lamps . I t was a ruling
moon, manifes ting itself radiantly among the other moons . I t
was a s tar whose as trological house is in the Empyrean. Allah
named him ‘unlettered’ in view of the concentration of his
aspiration, and also ‘consecrated’ because of the majes ty of his
bles s ing, and ‘Makkan’ becaus e of his res idence in His vicinity.
2. He expanded his breas t, and raised his power , and lifted from his
the burden ‘that had weighed down thy back,’ and He imposed
his author ity. As Allah made his Badr appear so his full moon
ros e from the cloud of Yamãma and his sun aros e on the s ide of
T ihãma (Makka), and his lamp shone from the source of all
3. He did not repor t about anything except according to his inner
vis ion, and he did not order the following of his example except
according to the truth of his conduct. He was in the presence of
Allah, then he brought other s to His Presence. He saw, then he
related what he was . He was sent for th as a guide, s o he defined
the limits of conduct.
4. No one is capable of discerning his true s ignificance, except the
S incere, s ince he confirmed its validity, and then accompanied
him s o that ther e would not remain any dispar ity between them.
5. No Gnos tic ever knew him who was not ignorant of his true
quality. His quality is made clear only to those to whom Allah
under takes to disclose it. ‘T hose to whom We have given the
Book, and the recognize their sons , even though a par ty of them
conceal the truth, and that wittingly.’ (2.46)
6. T he lights of prophecy is sued from his light, and his light
appeared from the light of Mys tery. Among the lights there is
none more luminous, more manifest or more uncreate- thanuncreatednes
s than the light of the Mas ter of Generos ity.
7. His aspiration preceded all other aspirations, his exis tence
preceded non-exis tence, his name preceded the Pen because it
exis ted before.
8. T here was never on the hor izons, beyond the hor izons, nor
below the hor izons anyone more graceful, nobler , wiser , mor e
jus t, kinder , more God- fear ing or more s ympathetic than the
holder of this role. His title is Mas ter of Creation, and his name is
Ahmad, and his attr ibute is Muhammad. His command is mor e
cer tain, and his es sence is more excellent, and his attr ibute is
mor e glor ious , and his aspiration is unique.
9. Oh marvel! What is more manifes t, more vis ible, greater , mor e
famous , more luminous , more power ful or more discerning than
him? He is and was , and was known before created things and
exis tences and beings . He was and s till is remembered befor e
‘before’ and after ‘after ’, and befor e subs tances and qualities . His
subs tance is completely light, his speech is prophetic, his
knowledge is celes tial, his mode of expres s ion is Arabic, his tr ibe
is ‘neither of the Eas t nor the Wes t’ (24.35), his genealogy is
patr iarchal, his mis s ion is conciliation, and he has the title of the
10. T he eyes were opened by his signs , secrets and selves
perceived by his being there. I t was Allah who made him
ar ticulate by His Word, and being the Proof, confirmed him. I t
was Allah who sent him for th. He is the proof and the proven. I t
is he who quenches the thir s t of the vehemently thir s ty hear t, it
is he who br ings the uncreated wor d that is not touched by what
touches it, nor phrased by the tongue, nor made. I t is united to
Allah without separation, and it surpas ses the conceivable. I t is
he who announces the end and the ends and the ends of the
11. He lifted the cloud, and pointed to the S acred House. He is
the limitation, and he is a heroic war r ior . I t is he who received
the order to break the idols , and it is he who was sent to
mankind for the ex termination of them.
12. Above him a cloud flashed bolts of lightning, and below
him a bolt of lightning flashed, shone, caused rain, and fructified.
All knowledge is but a drop from his ocean, and all wisdom is but
a handful from his s tream, and all times ar e but an hour from his
13. Allah is with him, and with him is reality. He is the fir s t in
union and the las t to be commis s ioned as a prophet, the inwar d
by reality, and the outwar d by gnos is .
14. No scholar ever attained his knowledge nor did any
philosopher become cognizant of his unders tanding.
15. Allah did not sur render (His Reality) to His creation,
becaus e he is he, and his being ther e is He, and He is He.
16. Nothing came out of the M of MHMD, and none entered
into his H, and his H is the same as his second M, and his D is as
his firs t M. His D is his perpetuity, his M is his rank, his H his
spir itual s tate, as is his second M.
17. Allah made his speech manifes t, and enlarged his mark,
and made his proof known. He sent down the furqan to him, he
made his tongue adequate, and He made his hear t shine. He
made his contemporar ies incapable (of imitating Qur ’an). He
es tablished his clar ification and exalted his glory.
18. I f you flee from his domains , what route will you take
without a guide, oh ailing one? T he max ims of the philosopher s
ar e like a s lipping heap of sand before his wisdom.
source :from the book THE TAWASIN by shaik Hallaj
english translation by aisha abdu rahman