Sunday, January 15, 2017

Absoluteness and Limitation With the Messenger of Allah ﷺ


Allah ﷻ has delimited His Prophet ﷺ with his humanity, and He ﷻ ordered him ﷻ to declare: "Say (O Muhammad): Have ye thought: Whether Allah causeth me (Muhammad) and those with me to perish or hath mercy on us", [Quran 67:28].
He ﷻ ordered him ﷻ to say: " nor know I what will be done with me or with you", [Quran 46:9], and also:
"Say thou: I possess no power over benefit or hurt to myself save as Allah willeth; and had I knowledge of the unseen I would have amassed ample good, and evil would not have touched me", [Quran 7:188].
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Then Allah ﷻ has delighted us by sharing some aspects of the nondelimitative nature of his spirit ﷺ:
He, The Exalted and Glorified, told us: "And he ﷺ speaketh not of his own desire", [Quran 53:3]
One time, He ﷻ ordered him ﷺ to tie one or two stones around his stomach to lessen the pangs of hunger. At another time, He ﷻ allowed His Prophet ﷺ to feed an entire army out of one single measure of food (Sa`) [1].
He ﷻ also ordered him ﷺ to declare, "I remain with My Lord, and He ﷻ feeds me and give me to drink"
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After the Messenger of Allah ﷺ declared that he ﷺ does not have knowledge of the unseen, Allah ﷻ made him ﷺ to stand up addressing the people after the morning prayer till mid-day, and then from the Zuhr prayer till late afternoon, and from the afternoon prayer and till sunset. In his speech, he ﷺ informed people of what will happen of what was, and what will be; what happened and what will happen till the coming of the Hour [3].
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And after he ﷺ declared that he ﷺ does not know what will will be done with him or us [4], he ﷺ informed us that the Guardian of Heaven told him ﷺ, "I was ordered not to open (the Gates of Heaven) to anyone before you (O Muhammad!)"
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And after he ﷺ told his daughter Fatimah, radya Allahu `anha, the mother of the believers 'Umm Salamah, radya Allahu `anha, and his uncle al-`Abbas, radya Allahu `anhu, to work and that he ﷺ cannot benefit themnwith anything, he ﷺ informed all of us that we will admitted to Paradise only with Allah's mercy and not with our deeds.
And Allah, the Exalted, informed us that His Prophet ﷺ is that mercy; the one that no one will enter Paradise except for its sake: "And We have not sent you, O Muhammad, except as a mercy for all the Worlds". [Quran 21:107].

-Shaikh Saleh el Din Tijani R.A
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[1]- Arabic word "Sa'" refers to one unit of weight.
[2]- As instructed in [Quran 6:50] and [Quran 7:188].
[3]- Per the Hadith of Huzayfa Ibn al-Yaman (r.a.a.).
[4]- As instructed in [Quran 46:9‏]

اللَّهُمَّ صَل عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ ۞ الفَاتِحِ لِمَا أُغْلِقَ ۞ وَالخَاتِمِ لِمَا سَبَقَ ۞ نَاصِرِ الحَقِّ بِالحَقِّ ۞ وَالهَادِي إِلَى صِرَاطِكَ المُسْتَقِيمِ ۞ وَعَلَى آلِهِ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ وَمِقْدَارِهِ العَظِيمِ ۩

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